EMDR is a trauma resolution method. It is a specialized procedure for resolving trauma or loss memories. EMDR is also used to treat troubling symptoms such as anxiety, depression, guilt, anger, and post-traumatic reactions. It involves having the client concentrate on the worst moment of the memory while the therapist guides the client in concentrating on a troubling memory or emotion while moving the eyes rapidly back and forth (by following the therapist's fingers) or by using bilateral stimulation. This rapid eye movement, which occurs naturally during dreaming, seems to speed the client's movement through the healing process.
EMDR is now one of the most well-researched psychotherapy treatments for trauma and (in a recent meta-analysis) has been found to be the most effective and efficient of the well-established trauma treatments.